People are experiencing high blood pressure at an increasingly young age
Recent years have witnessed a significant rise in instances of hypertension among the Indian youth, even those who look perfectly healthy from the exterior. Consequently, it is crucial for young individuals to get checked for high blood pressure so that timely prevention and treatment can be obtained. It is worrying that many people who are affected by the issue do not understand it fully. This should be a priority for those in charge because this can have severe consequences. In such a situation, it becomes crucial to make the youth of the country aware of its symptoms so that they can tackle potential problems in a timely manner and adopt a healthier lifestyle through effective treatment once again.
On the occasion of World Hypertension Day, renowned cardiologist Dr. Rakesh Jain from Mahavir Heart Clinic and Diagnostic Center, Geeta Bhavan, provided information about high blood pressure. This year, the theme of World Hypertension Day was “Measure Your Blood Pressure, Control It, Live Longer.”
What is High Blood Pressure?
In our body, blood flows with a normal range of pressure, allowing it to reach different parts of our body adequately. When the blood pressure exceeds the normal range in the body, it is referred to as high blood pressure.
Present condition of blood pressure in India
In our country, approximately 20 crore (200 million) people are affected by high blood pressure. It is responsible for nearly 25% of all deaths. According to a report by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), only about 28% of people are aware of their high blood pressure condition. Among them, only 15% are receiving treatment, and only 12.5% have their blood pressure under control.
High blood pressure does not have specific symptoms. However, upon closer observation, some common symptoms such as irritability, fatigue, weakness, headaches, and tightness around the eyes may be noticed in some individuals. Despite the absence of distinct symptoms, patients often experience various complications, which is why this condition is sometimes referred to as a silent killer.
What causes high blood pressure?
High blood pressure tends to develop in the body due to factors such as lack of exercise, increased stress, an unbalanced lifestyle, or kidney-related diseases. On the other hand, the likelihood of having high blood pressure increases 2-3 times in individuals with diabetes. Younger people have started experiencing high blood pressure in larger numbers, and the main causes can be attributed to stress, insomnia, excessive thinking, and smoking.
Side effects of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure has adverse effects on every part of the body. The major consequences of high blood pressure are seen as heart attacks, brain hemorrhages (strokes), kidney failure, heart failure, and other related complications.
What to do for proper treatment?
In order to maintain healthy blood pressure levels and avoid its long-term damaging effects, developing and sticking to a lifestyle of healthy habits is essential. Increase your water intake and include a regular consumption of green vegetables, salads, fruits, dry fruits, and fiber-rich foods in your diet. Limit the use of salt, sweets, fast food, and oil. Incorporate 45 minutes of aerobic exercise and yoga into your daily routine. Ensure an adequate sleep of 7-8 hours. Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption. Regularly monitor your blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure, seek appropriate treatment from your cardiologist. This can help you avoid potential complications related to high blood pressure in the future.