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Life changing Knee Replacement surgery brings new hope to patients


Dr. Rakesh MattooDr. Rakesh Mattoo, Director, Orthopaedics & Joint Replacement, Max Smart Super Speciality Hospital, Saket

Total knee replacement or Arthroplasty is one of the most successful & gratifying surgeries in the world. In an ever-evolving world of medical advancements, TKR surgery stands out as a beacon of hope for millions suffering from debilitating knee pain and immobility. This transformative procedure now more refined and accessible than ever, offers a new lease of life for those whose activities of daily living are compromised by arthritic knee joint. This surgery is typically recommended for patients with chronic knee pain and disability due to conditions like osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, traumatic injury.

Understating total knee Replacement (TKR).

TKR is a surgical procedure where damaged Cartilage and bone from surface of the knee joint are removed and after proper alignment, replaced with artificial Components. These prosthetics typically made of metal and high grade plastics are designed to mimic the natural movement of knee joint providing patients with restored functionality and significant pain relief.

Types of knee Replacement!

  1. Total knee replacement (TKR) – The entire knee joint is resurfaced with prosthetic components.
  2. Partial or Unicondylar Knee Replacement (UKR) – This is suitable for patients with arthritic damage confined to only one compartment of the joint which is replaced.


Knee replacement surgery continues to evolve with advancements such as improved metallargy, minimally invasive techniques, computer assisted surgery, customized prosthetics and now new kid on the block is Robot assisted knee replacement. These continuous innovations aim to reduce recovery time, increase longevity of the implants and enhance the overall quality of life and enjoy an active life style.

Benefits & outcomes-

  1. Pain relief – The most significant benefit of TKR is alleviation of chronic knee pain. There is a marked reduction in dependence on pain medications.
  2. Improved Mobility & function- TKR allows patients to regain a greater range of motion and use their knees daily more effectively for daily activities like walking, climbing stairs and even engaging in some low impact sports.
  3. Better quality of life
  4. High Success rate & long-lasting results – Modern knee implants are designed to last 20-25 yrs with a success rate of over 95%.
  5. Correction of Deformities – Like varus/valgus/ fixed flexion deformities are corrected during knee replacement surgery thereby improving overall limb alignment, balance & gait.
  6. Enhanced Physical activity – With a more stable and pain free knee, patients can engage in physical activities that were previously too painful or impossible to perform.
  7. Improved sleep and its quality.
  8. Economic Benefits – TKR is cost effective in the long run by reducing the need for ongoing medical treatments, pain medication or other interventions.

Knee Replacement surgery is a highly effective treatment for end-stage knee arthritis. Through careful patient selection, meticulous surgical technique and comprehensive post operative care and rehab, most patients achieve excellent outcomes, pain relief and significant improvement in their quality of life.

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